ERTH 535:
Planetary Climate Change
(Spring 2018)
Concept Map Exercise:
Definition of Climate

Dave Dempsey
Dept. of Earth & Climate Sci.

Below is a list of "concepts" that can be organized in a hierarchical concept map around the primary concept of "climate", in a way that helps define what we mean by climate. A nearly blank version of this map accompanies this handout. Your task: fill in the blank parts of the map with the concepts below so that the relations between concepts implied by the "connecting phrases" (retained on the otherwise blank map) make sense. Use each concept below only once; each one has a place on the map.
  1. 30 years
  2. a given period of time
  3. a given place or region
  4. aggregates of tiny water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air
  5. any length
  6. averages
  7. cloud type
  8. clouds
  9. composition
  10. degree of variability
  11. dust, smoke, ash, pollen, salt, microorganisms, etc.
  12. extent of sky coverage
  13. extremes (records)
  14. height of cloud base
  15. pieces of water or ice large enough to fall out of clouds and reach the earth's surface
  16. precipitation
  17. pressure
  18. rain
  19. rate of accumulation (e.g., inches/hr)
  20. snow
  21. standard deviation (of random variations)
  22. temperature
  23. type
  24. visibility
  25. water vapor
  26. wind
  27. wind direction
  28. wind speed